Investigation and prevention measures of the epidemiology of common sport injury in college physical education
COMPUTER MODELLING & NEW TECHNOLOGIES 2013 17(5C) 71-73
Physical Education Department, Xi’an University of Science and Technology, Xi’an710070, China
Objective: This paper provides relevant suggestions and measures on the basis of understanding of the common types of injury and their influencing factors among ordinary university students in order to further reduce, and even avoid the occurrence of sports injury so as to improve college students' health conditions as well as secure their lives. Method: A questionnaire survey method is applied here. 150 copies of questionnaires are randomly distributed among Wuhan University students to analyze several aspects, namely, the parts of the college students' sports injury, sports preference, the main causes of damage and damage frequency. Results: The frequency of such sports injury occurred among college students hits 58.3%; the sports injury of boys are more likely to happen than of girls; the most common body parts which are vulnerable to sport injury are ankles, wrists, knuckles, waist and knees in sequence; muscle strain, bruise and ligamentous sprain are main types of injuries by classification of their respective characters; the causes of the college students’ sports injury mainly lie in the inadequate preparation; doing exercises too intensely, poor ability of self-protection and poor physical quality. Conclusion: (1) Schools and teachers should attach more importance on the popularization and publicity of scientific knowledge of sports; (2) For the sports enthusiast in college, the awareness of necessity and significance for pre-exercise activity and warm-ups should be increased; (3) Schools should enlarge both investment and facility construction of sport equipment and athlete field to avoid as much as possible the non-human factor of injury in the process of movement.